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Special Interest Group

Online Course Resource: Writing a Health Care Research Paper

Sharing a learning resource focused on writing a healthcare research paper. This is a modular resource that is self paced and meant for self improvement. We will share one module each week. The material is developed and shared as an open access resource by the Research Action Group (RAG) of AMMA Education and Research Foundation […]

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Journal Club: Resources on Fetal Growth Restriction from Perinatal Institute, UK

Sharing a couple of resources on Ultrasound and Doppler in Fetal Growth Restriction. These are shared for educational and learning purpose, please acknowledge the Perinatal Institute.   Applications of Doppler Ultrasound in Fetal Growth Assessment Obstetric Ultrasound for Evaluation of Fetal Growth Ultrasound Biometry and Fetal Growth Restriction  

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Journal Club: Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) Clinical Guideline #8: The fetus at risk for anemia-diagnosis and management

Citation: Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM); Giancarlo Mari, MD; Mary E. Norton, MD; Joanne Stone, MD; Vincenzo Berghella, MD; Anthony C. Sciscione, DO; Danielle Tate, MD; Mauro H. Schenone, MD. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2015; 212(6):697-710 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2015.01.059 Abstract OBJECTIVE: We sought to provide evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis and management of fetal anemia. METHODS: A […]

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Journal Club: Pravastatin in Pregnancy-A few articles

Pravastatin for the Prevention of Preeclampsia in High-Risk Pregnant Women Maged M. Costantine, M.D. and Kirsten Cleary, M.D. for the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Obstetric-Fetal Pharmacology Research Units Network* Obstet Gynecol. 2013 February ; 121(2 0 1): . Abstract Preeclampsia complicates approximately 3–5% of pregnancies and remains one of […]

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Journal Club: Role of Echocardiography in Prenatal Screening of Congenital Heart Diseases and its Correlation with Postnatal Outcome.

Citation: Sharma S, Kaur N, Kaur K, Pawar NC.J Clin Diagn Res. 2017 Apr;11(4):TC12-TC14. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/25929.9750. INTRODUCTION: Congenital Heart Defects (CHDs) are one of the most common forms of congenital anomalies. Fetal echocardiography performed during second trimester aims at early diagnosis of congenital heart disease which is instrumental in proper planning of delivery, perinatal care […]

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Journal Club: Fetal Echocardiography: A systematic Approach

Citation: Karande A, Nagar S. J Indian Acad Echocardiogr Cardiovasc Imaging 2017;1: 47-54 Congenital Heart Disease is the most common birth defect worldwide. The optimal timing for performance of a comprehensive transabdominal fetal echocardiogram is 18-22 weeks gestation. All radiologists should perform screening of the heart during all obstetrical ultrasound studies beyond 18 weeks of gestation. […]

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Journal Club: Role of HDLive in Imaging the Fetal Heart

Citation: Selvaraj Ravi Lakshmy, MBBS, Bharat Jain, MD, Nity Rose, MS. Ultrasound Med 2017; 36:1267–127. doi:10.7863/ultra.16.05071 Abstract: HDLive is a rendering methodology that generates realistic images of the human fetus from sonographic data. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the utility of high-definition live in evaluating fetal heart especially in the first trimester (11–14-week) scan. The […]

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Journal Club: Doppler indices of the umbilical and fetal middle cerebral artery at 18-40 weeks of normal gestation: A pilot study.

Citation: Srikumar S, Debnath J, Ravikumar R, Bandhu HC, Maurya VK. Med J Armed Forces India. 2017 Jul;73(3):232-241. doi:10.1016/j.mjafi.2016.12.008. Epub 2017 Jan 17. BACKGROUND: Doppler indices form an integral component of noninvasive evaluation of fetal well-being. There is paucity of information about normal obstetric Doppler indices, particularly from the Indian subcontinent. The aim of the […]

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Journal Club: ISUOG Practice Guidelines: role of ultrasound in screening for and follow-up of pre-eclampsia

Citation: Sotiriadis A, Hernandez-Andrade E, da Silva Costa F, Ghi T, Glanc P, Khalil A, Martins WP, Odibo AO, Papageorghiou AT, Salomon LJ, Thilaganathan B. ISUOG Practice Guidelines:role of ultrasound in screening for and follow-up of pre-eclampsia. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2018. DOI:10.1002/uog.20105 There are currently more than 10 000 PubMed-indexed articles related to PE screening, illustrating […]

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Journal Club: ISUOG Practice Guidelines (updated): sonographic screening examination of the fetal heart

Citation: Carvalho JS, Allan LD, Chaoui R, Copel JA, DeVore GR, Hecher K, Lee W, Munoz H, Paladini D, Tutschek B, Yagel S. ISUOG practice guidelines (updated): sonographic screening examination of the fetal heart. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2013; 41: 348–359. This document constitutes a revised and updated version of the previously published ISUOG guidelines for cardiac […]

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Journal Club: Effect of Transdermal Nitroglycerine on Doppler Velocity Waveforms of the Uterine, Umbilical and Fetal Middle Cerebral Arteries in Patients with Chronic Placental Insufficiency: A Prospective RCT

Authors: Suruchi Gupta, Meenakshi Chauhan, Jyotsna Sen, Smiti Nanda. Published in: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2017 Jul, Vol-11(7): QC13-QC17 13 ABSTRACT Introduction: Increase in Nitric Oxide (NO) may be important in vascular adaptation needed to accommodate increased uteroplacental blood flow as pregnancy advances. Hence, in certain conditions like Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) and Fetal […]

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Journal Club: ISUOG Practice Guidelines: role of ultrasound in twin pregnancy

Citation: Khalil A, Rodgers M, Baschat A, Bhide A, Gratacos E, Hecher K, Kilby MD, Lewi L, Nicolaides KH, Oepkes D, Raine-Fenning N, Reed K, Salomon LJ, Sotiriadis A, Thilaganathan B, Ville Y. ISUOG Practice Guidelines: role of ultrasound in twin pregnancy. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2016; 47: 247–263. Excerpt This guidance will address the role of […]

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Journal Club: Low dose aspirin and pregnancy: how important is aspirin resistance?

Citation: Navaratnam K, Alfirevic A, Alfirevic Z. Low dose aspirin and pregnancy: how important is aspirin resistance? BJOG 2016;123:1481–1487. Antiplatelet agents are pivotal for prevention of coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease worldwide. Individual patient data meta-analysis indicates that low-dose aspirin causes a 10% risk reduction in pre-eclampsia for women at high individual risk. However, […]

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Journal Club: Aspirin versus Placebo in pregnancies at high risk for preterm preeclampsia

Authors: Daniel L. Rolnik, M.D., David Wright, Ph.D., Liona C. Poon, M.D., Neil O’Gorman, M.D., Argyro Syngelaki, Ph.D., Catalina de Paco Matallana, M.D., Ranjit Akolekar, M.D., Simona Cicero, M.D., Deepa Janga, M.D., Mandeep Singh, M.D., Francisca S. Molina, M.D., Nicola Persico, M.D., Jacques C. Jani, M.D., Walter Plasencia, M.D., George Papaioannou, M.D., Kinneret Tenenbaum‑Gavish, M.D., Hamutal […]

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Journal Club: ISUOG Practice Guidelines: performance of fetal magnetic resonance imaging

Citation: Prayer D, Malinger G, Brugger PC, Cassady C, De Catte L, De Keersmaecker B, Fernandes GL, Glanc P, Goncalves LF, Gruber GM, Laifer-Narin S, Lee W, Millischer A-E, Molho M, Neelavalli J, Platt L, Pugash D, Ramaekers P, Salomon LJ, Sanz M, Timor-Tritsch IE, Tutschek B, Twickler D, Weber M, Ximenes R, Raine-Fenning N. ISUOG […]

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Clinical Dilemmas 2: photo essay

Presenting images of a case submitted by Dr Sunitha Maddula, member of Fetal Radiology SIG and joined in by Dr Krishna Chaitanya and  Dr Neelam Jain, members of Fetal Radiology India SIG   Member 1:No other abnormality seen, 20yr G2L1, Non consanguinous, Fetus 22wks. What can I suggest the parents now? Member 2: Binders Syndrome? Mother on […]

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Journal Club: A Few Studies on Nasal Bone Length in Indian Fetuses

Sharing a few published studies from India on Fetal Nasal Bone Length in Asian Indian Fetuses, to disseminate information as well as to encourage and motivate fetal radiologists in India for further research on nasal bone length and associated parameters from different parts of India.   Nomogram of nasal bone length at 11-14 weeks of […]

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Journal Club: First-trimester uterine artery Doppler and adverse pregnancy outcome: a meta-analysis involving 55 974 women

Authors: L. VELAUTHAR, M. N. PLANA, M. KALIDINDI, J. ZAMORA, B. THILAGANATHAN, S. E. ILLANES, K. S. KHAN, J. AQUILINA and S. THANGARATINAM Published in: Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2014; 43: 500–507 ABSTRACT Objectives: To determine the accuracy with which uterine artery Doppler in the first trimester of pregnancy predicts pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction, particularly early-onset disease. […]

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Clinical Dilemmas-a pictorial essay and open ended discussion

This is a series that will present images of clinical dilemmas with a brief supporting write up. The focus is to encourage thinking of several diagnostic possibilities. In this case, we follow a anonymized conversational transcript of discussions between Dr. Rijo Mathew, Dr. Krishna C,  Dr. Bavaharan and Dr. Neelam Jain; members of Fetal Radiology India […]

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Journal Club: Review: Systematic review of the utility of the fetal cerebroplacental ratio measured at term for the prediction of adverse perinatal outcome

Authors: Liam Dunn, Helen Sherrell, Sailesh Kumar Published in: Placenta 54 (2017) 68e75   Abstract:  Aim: This systematic review evaluates the utility of the fetal cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) when assessed at term (from 37 + 0 weeks gestation) as a predictor of adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes. Data sources and search strategy: An electronic search of Pubmed […]

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Journal Club: The (Pulsed-Wave) Doppler Fetal Myocardial Performance Index: Technical Challenges, Clinical Applications and Future Research

Authors: Aditi Mahajan, Amanda Henry, Neama Meriki, Edgar Hernandez-Andrade, Fatima Crispi, Linda Wu, Alec W. Welsh Published in: Fetal Diagn Ther 2015;38:1–13   DOI: 10.1159/000363181 Abstract Functional cardiovascular assessment is becoming an increasingly important tool in the study of fetal pathology. The myocardial performance index (MPI) is a parameter measuring global myocardial function. Since its introduction, several studies […]

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Journal Club: Contribution of the myocardial performance index and aortic isthmus blood flow index to predicting mortality in preterm growth-restricted fetuses

Authors: E. HERNANDEZ-ANDRADE, F. CRISPI, J. A. BENAVIDES-SERRALDE, W. PLASENCIA, H. F. DIESEL, E. EIXARCH, R. ACOSTA-ROJAS, F. FIGUERAS, K. NICOLAIDES and E. GRATACOS Published in: Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2009; 34: 430–436 DOI: 10.1002/uog.7347 ABSTRACT Objectives To evaluate the predictive value for perinatal death of the myocardial performance index (MPI) and aortic isthmus flow index (IFI), as […]

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Journal Club: The Aortic Isthmus: A Significant yet Underexplored Watershed of the Fetal Circulation

Authors: Dominique Tynan, Jennifer Alphonse, Amanda Henry, Alec W. Welsh Published in Fetal Diagn Ther 2016;40:81–93 DOI: 10.1159/000446942 Abstract The aortic isthmus (AoI) is a unique fetal watershed with a waveform reflecting its complex haemodynamic physiology. The systolic component represents left and right ventricular systolic ejection, and the diastolic component represents comparative downstream vascular impedance between […]

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Journal Club: Two-Dimensional Speckle Tracking of the Fetal Heart A Practical Step-by-Step Approach for the Fetal Sonologist

Authors: Greggory R. DeVore, MD, Bardo Polanco, RDMS, PhD, Gary Satou, MD, Mark Sklansky, MD J Ultrasound Med 2016; 35:1765–1781  doi:10.7863/ultra.15.08060 Various approaches to 2-dimensional speckle tracking have been used to evaluate left ventricular function and deformation in the fetus, child, and adult. In 2015, because of differences in imaging devices and analytical programs, the cardiology community […]

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Journal Club: Additional value of fetal magnetic resonance imaging in the prenatal diagnosis of central nervous system anomalies: a systematic review of the literature

Authors: A. C. ROSSI and F. PREFUMO Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2014; 44: 388–393 ABSTRACT Objectives: To analyze literature on the additional value of fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in assessing central nervous system (CNS) anomalies suspected by ultrasound. Methods: A search was performed of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library and the reference lists of identified articles. Inclusion […]

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List of Fetal Radiology India Protocols for PG Dissertations in India

Fetal Radiology India is developing brief protocols that can be considered as dissertation topics in Fetal Radiology for post graduate students. These will include the aims, study design, sample size, and methods in brief and a data entry sheet in MS Excel. We will further guide the students, who are interested, on the literature review […]

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Developing Normative Ranges Specific to India

Fetal Radiology India is launching an ambitious project aimed at collecting and collating normative data for India that will lead to development of cut off values that can differentiate common co-morbidities and abnormalities in an Indian population. Rationale Much of the population data based criteria that we use currently are based on Caucasian data. Although […]

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